Approach to textile japonisme in Catalonia

New paper (カタルーニャのテキスタイルによるジャポニスム) published by the Kyoto Costume Institute in his journal, Dresstudy (num. 59, 2011).

In the 1900s Catalonia was one of the regions where the Japonisme movement was most obvious in Spain. Barcelona, the capital of Catalonia, was especially central to this trend. Thus, Japonisme became popular in the beginning of the 1880s, but it stood out strongly at the Barcelona Universal Exposition in 1888.

At the end of the 19th century, Catalonia was highly industrialized, and the textile industry was especially developed. Old documents surviving today show that companies in this field started printing Japanese motifs on textiles in the 1880s, and that these textiles became increasingly popular from the 1890s to the early 20th Century. Moreover, in parallel with the Japonisme boom and increasing production of Japanese-style fabrics, Catalonian merchants started direct imports and sales of Japanese textiles and clothing. In this way, the manufacture of Japanese-style textiles by Catalonian plants reached a peak at around 1900, and imports and sales of Japanese fabrics and clothes increased.

We can say that Japanese or Japanese-style fabrics had two purposes of use in Catalonia: for clothing, and for interiors. People started wearing Japanese-style clothes as costumes for festivals and carnivals, stage costumes for plays and operas on Japan, and for daily wear. furthermore, these fabrics came to be used for interiors, to cover chairs and sofas, and as curtains, rugs and wall hangings. After 1880, Japonisme clothes became very popular and the manufacture of Japanese-style textiles reached its peak, largely affected by fashions created in Paris.


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